.The Old City is but a fraction of what Jerusalem has become. While the entirety of Jerusalem was contained within the Old City’s walls until roughly a century and a half ago, since then the city has expanded exponentially to cover a far larger area very different in its feel than the Old City. Over the 150 years of its modern history, Jerusalem has been developed and ruled over by a variety of different groups including the Ottoman Empire, the colonial British Mandate, the Palestinian elite, the Israeli government, and more. Each competing force desired to leave its own stamp on the appearance and atmosphere of modern Jerusalem. We will visit the Israel Museum, home to the shrine that protects the Dead Sea Scrolls, as well as a treasure trove of archaeological, anthropological, and cultural art and relics. We will stroll down King David Street and other key sites in the modern city, but of course, no visit would be complete without the beautiful frenzy of spices, foods, and characters in the pulsating Mahane Yehuda Market.